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英文語法表

令你更易了解語法規則和 句式結構

Personal Pronouns 人稱代(名)詞

Demonstrative adjectives 指示代名詞

Existence – There are some... 存在位置 – 這裏有些...

To be - present (I am, you are, he is, we are, they are)


Verb tenses summary 動詞

Simple Present Tense

Present Continuous Tense

Present Perfect Tense

Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Simple Past Tense

Past Continuous Tense

Modal verbs 情態動詞


See the following grammar tables on the English version of this page:

Other Pronouns

Articles - definite and indefinite

Specific and general - article usage

Determiners in noun phrases

Noun phrase

Prepositional phrase

Prepositional phrase as an adjunct

Active verb, passive verb and adjective form

Past Perfect Tense


Syntactic units: words, phrases, clauses, sentences, sentence chains

Syntactic units table

Word level

Phrase level

Clause level

Sentence level

Sentence chain level


Irregular verbs

Countries, nationalities, people, languages

Personal Pronouns 人稱代(名)詞
Subject
pronoun
主語代
(名)詞
Object
pronoun
受詞代
(名)詞
Adjective
determiner
形容詞代
(名)詞
Possessive
pronoun
所屬關係的代
(名)詞
Reflexive
反身代詞
I me my mine myself
you you your yours yourself
he him his his himself
she her her hers herself
it it its its itself
we us our ours ourselves
you you your yours yourselves
they them their theirs themselves

Demonstrative adjectives 指示代名詞
Referring to objects
關於物件
Close
Far
Pronoun
代(名)詞
Singular and uncountable noun
單數而不可數的名詞
this that it
Plural noun
眾數的名詞
these those they / them
Place
地方
here there ---

Existence – There are some... 存在位置 – 這裏有些...
Uncountable noun
不可數的名詞
Countable noun 可以數的名詞
Singular 單數
Countable noun 可以數的名詞
Plural 眾數
+ There is some money. There is a grammar book here. There are some students there.
- There isn't any money. There isn't a grammar book here. There aren't any students there.
? Is there any money? Is there a grammar book here? Are there any students there?

To be - present
Question words
提問字詞
Predicate 1A
述語
Subject
主語
Predicate 1B
述語
Predicate 2
述語
Other words
其他
My father is a language teacher.  
I am in class now.
The school is over there.
We are not students any more.
You aren't 132 years old.
Why are you not in the library with the others?
What time is it?
Who is there with her now?
Whose smartphone is that in the fish tank?
Whose friends are they?
Are your classmates nice?
Aren't I smart?  
Is she not your English tutor?  

Verb tenses summary 動詞
Past Present Future
Simple Simple Past
I sang
Simple Present
I sing
Simple Future
I will sing
Continuous Past Continuous
I was singing
Present Continuous
I am singing
Future Continuous
I will be singing
Perfect Past Perfect
I had sung
Present Perfect
I have sung
Future Perfect
I will have sung
Perfect
Continuous
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been singing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been singing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been singing

Simple Present Tense
Question words
提問字詞
Predicate
(auxiliary verb)
述語
Subject
主語
Predicate
(auxiliary verb)
述語
Frequency
頻率
Predicate (Verb)
述語 (動詞)
Predicate and/or other words
其他
My brother never drinks milk.
Mr Jones rarely starts work at seven.
It doesn't usually do that.
I don't care about the grammar.
Who answers the phone in your office?
Which dress looks better?
What makes employees happy?
Do they have a fax machine?
Does your colleague speak English?
Don't you understand the rules?
Why do you not always follow the specification?
What do we start with?

Time words: never, always, every day, normally, often, seldom, rarely, sometimes, usually


Present Continuous Tense
Question words
提問字詞
Predicate
(auxiliary verb)
述語
Subject
主語
Predicate
(auxiliary verb)
述語
Predicate (Verb)
述語 (動詞)
Predicate and/or other words
其他
My father is watching TV.
I am visiting my friends tomorrow.
They aren't dancing.
Why are you not singing with us?
Who are you waiting for?
Who is driving my car?
What is happening?
Whose friends are coming tomorrow?
Are your colleagues playing tennis?
Aren't you coming with us?
Is she not sleeping in the other room?

Time words: now, at the moment, just, just now, Listen!, Look!, right now, (or a future time for future plan).


Present Perfect Tense
Question words
提問字詞
Predicate
(auxiliary verb)
述語
Subject
主語
Predicate
(auxiliary verb)
述語
Frequency
頻率
Predicate (Verb)
述語 (動詞)
Predicate and/or other words
其他
My brother has never drunk whisky.
They have already been to the bank.
The dog has just gone.  
I haven't seen him for 2 years.
  The tutor has not arrived yet.
Who has peed in my glass?
Which idiot has sent this virus?
What has made her crazy?
Have your parents ever been to Paris?
Has your colleague spoken to them yet?
Haven't you made your bed yet?
Why haven't you     called me?
What has he done this morning?

Time words: already, ever, just, never, not yet, so far, till now, up to now, this morning, for two years, since 2012.


Present Perfect Continuous Tense
Question words
提問字詞
Predicate
(auxiliary verb)
述語
Subject
主語
Predicate
(auxiliary verb)
述語
Predicate
(auxiliary verb)
述語
Predicate (Verb)
述語 (動詞)
Predicate and/or other words
其他
She has been waiting since 1.
They have been dancing for 9 hours.
Who has been standing there for 3 hours?
How long have you   been collecting stamps?
What has he been doing this morning?

Time words: all day, for six years, since April, how long?, the whole week.


Simple Past Tense
Question words
提問字詞
Predicate
(auxiliary verb)
述語
Subject
主語
Predicate
(auxiliary verb)
述語
  Predicate (Verb)
述語 (動詞)
Predicate and/or other words
其他
My brother   drank some milk yesterday.
Mr Jones   started the engine.
Her idea did not   work.  
I didn't do that.
Who answered the phone in your office?
Which suit looked better?
What made you bored?
Did you use whatsapp in 2011?
Did your teacher speak Cantonese?
Didn't you read the rules?
Why did you not   follow the specification?
What did we learn the day before yesterday?


Past Continuous Tense
Question words
提問字詞
Predicate
(auxiliary verb)
述語
Subject
主語
Predicate
(auxiliary verb)
述語
Predicate (Verb)
述語 (動詞)
Predicate and/or other words
其他
The dog was playing with a bone.
I was reading at noon.
They weren't skiing.
Why were you not dancing with them?
Who were you talking to?
Who was riding my bike?
What was happening when you arrived?
Whose parents were visiting you?
Were your students preparing for HKDSE?
Weren't you cooking while I was cleaning?
Was he not using whatsapp at that time?

Time words: while, at 5 o'clock, when.



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